Day 6: Tasks

Date : 4 November 2020

Aptitude

Five years ago the average age of a family of 3 members was 27 years. A child has Been born, due to which the average age of the family is 25 years today. What is the Present age of the child?

  1. 5

  2. 6

  3. 4

  4. 7

Ans : 4

Five years ago the average age of a family of 3 members was 27 years.

total = 27*3=81

now= 81 + 3*5=96

again 25*4=100

therefore, 100-96 = 4

Technical MCQ

which of the following is true about the declaration and the defination of a variable?

  1. Both can occur multiple times, But declaration must occur first.

  2. There is no difference between them.

  3. A Defination occurs once, But declaration may occur multiple times.

  4. A Declaration occurs once ,But defination may occur multiple times.

  5. Both can occur multiple times, But a defination must occur first.

Ans : A Declaration occurs once ,But defination may occur multiple times.

Declaration of a variable is for informing to the compiler the following information: name of the variable, type of value it holds and the initial value if any it takes. i.e., declaration gives details about the properties of a variable. Whereas, Definition of a variable says where the variable gets stored. i.e., memory for the variable is allocated during the definition of the variable.

Coding Question

You are given an array coordinates,coordinates[i] = [x, y], where [x, y] represents the coordinate of a point. Check if these points make a straight line in the XY plane.

Input: coordinates = [[1,2],[2,3],[3,4],[4,5],[5,6],[6,7]]
Output: true

Solution:

The basic line equation idea.

(y-y1)(x2-x1) = (y2-y1)(x-x1)

or

y-y1 = ((y2-y1)/(x2-x1)) (x-x1)

‚Äč

bool checkStraightLine(vector<vector<int>>& cd) {
int y_diff=(cd[1][1]-cd[0][1]),x_diff=(cd[1][0]-cd[0][0]);
for(int i=2;i<cd.size();i++)
if((cd[i][1]-cd[0][1])*x_diff != (cd[i][0]-cd[0][0])*y_diff)
return false;
return true;
}